Another big tech company join the move away from C++ initiative, How we can stop this migration process?


2011 marked the renaissance of C++, driven by the release of C++11 which introduced numerous features to modernize the language, such as lambda expressions, smart pointers, and a more efficient standard library. However, a decade later, major tech giants like Google, Microsoft, Amazon, Apple, and Meta are initiating processes to migrate away from C++. This shift highlights growing concerns about memory safety and the evolving landscape of systems programming.

Just recently there’s another big company joining the Moving away from C++ initiative. it concern Apple that recommend to replace C++ with Swift.

One could argue that the issue lies not with C++ itself, but with the developers using it. However, the reality is that big companies are shifting away from C++.

Big Tech and the Move Away from C++


Amazon is actively pursuing Rust as a replacement for C++ in many of its critical systems. The emphasis is on leveraging Rust’s memory safety and concurrency features to improve the reliability and security of their infrastructure.

Amazon just recently awarded Professors Niranjan Balasubramanian and Michalis Polychronakis for their effort to automate the conversion of C++ code in Rust.


Microsoft has begun the process of transitioning from C++ to Rust, particularly for systems where safety and performance are paramount. Projects like the Azure cloud platform and various internal tools are exploring Rust’s capabilities to prevent memory-related vulnerabilities.

Microsoft is actively increasing the adoption of the Rust programming language.


Google is also in the early stages of replacing C++ with Rust for certain applications. The decision stems from the need to enhance memory safety and reduce the risk of security flaws that can arise from manual memory management.

Google invest a lot to move from C++ to Rust.


Apple’s strategy involves moving away from C++ in favor of Swift. Swift provides a modern, safe, and performant environment, making it suitable for many of Apple’s applications and services that previously relied on C++.

Recently Apple recommend to replace C++ with Swift.


Meta (formerly Facebook) is exploring Rust as an alternative to C++ for its backend systems. The focus is on improving the security and robustness of their infrastructure by adopting Rust’s safe concurrency and memory management features.

Meta begin the process to move away from C++ to Rust.

The Memory Safety Debate

Historical Context

For years, the C++ community and committee did not prioritize memory safety, despite the language’s widespread use in performance-critical applications. This oversight has led to numerous high-profile vulnerabilities and security breaches.

Industry Response

The tech industry’s move away from C++ is a response to these memory safety concerns. Companies are recognizing that even expert C++ developers can inadvertently introduce critical memory issues into their code. This has spurred the adoption of languages like Rust that provide compile-time guarantees of memory safety.

Challenges and Resistance

Despite the clear benefits of safer languages, there is resistance within the C++ community. Some argue that proper coding practices and rigorous testing can mitigate memory issues, and they view the migration to other languages as unnecessary. However, the industry trend suggests that the need for built-in safety mechanisms is increasingly being recognized as a priority.

No Definitive Solution Yet

The transition away from C++ is complex and gradual. While the countdown has started, the full migration could take years or even decades, given the extensive C++ codebases and the critical nature of many systems written in C++. The process involves not only rewriting code but also ensuring compatibility, performance, and reliability in the new language environment.

Meanwhile, the C++ committee must find a definitive solution to this significant safety issue before the migration process reaches full momentum.


The move by tech giants to replace C++ with safer alternatives like Rust and Swift underscores a significant shift in the priorities of the software industry. Memory safety has become a critical concern, and languages that offer built-in safety features are gaining traction. While the migration is underway, it remains to be seen how long it will take to fully transition away from C++, and what the long-term impacts on software development will be.